Normality, need and entitlement

Theme 4 tackles fundamental questions of justice, need and entitlement, doing so in order to generate and inform public policy and national and international debate about how much energy consumption and mobility is required to participate effectively in society and how these needs might change. This feeds in to ongoing work at EDF R&D and the IEA.


Energy, Need and Justice – looking at how people view their energy requirements and entitlements.

Need, mobility poverty and the ethics of the future cost of mobility – looking at how people with different incomes relate to their transport requirements.

Invisible Energy Policy Рlooking at how policies in healthcare, military and higher education can have knock-on effects on energy demand.