There is also a selection of other writing by DEMAND. For more information on these pieces, please contact the author directly.
Anderson, B. (2016). Laundry, energy and time: Insights from 20 years of time-use diary data in the United Kingdom. Energy Research and Social Science, 22, 125-136. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2016.09.004
Blue, Stanley (2017) Institutional rhythms: Combining practice theory and rhythmanalysis to conceptualise processes of institutionalisation Time & Society DOI: 10.1177/0961463X17702165
Carlsson-Hyslop, A. (2016). Past Management of Energy Demand: Promotion and Adoption of Electric Heating in Britain 1945-1964. Environment and History, 22, 75-102. DOI: 10.3197/096734016X14497391602242
Hitchings, R., Venn, S. and Day, R. (2016). Assumptions about later life travel and their implications: pushing people around?, Ageing and Society (in press) http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1496870/
Jarrigeon, A., Massot, M. H., Pierre, M. and Pradel, B. (2015). Les Routines Du Quotidien –
L’épreuve De La Mobilité électrique. Espace-Population Société, 1.
Kuijer, L, Watson, M. (2017) That’s when we started using the living room’: Lessons from a local history of domestic heating in the United Kingdom Energy Research and Social Science, 28, 77-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2017.04.010
Kuijer, L. and Bakker, C. (2015). Of Chalk and Cheese: Behaviour Change and Practice Theory in Sustainable Design. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 8(3), 219-230. DOI: 10.1080/19397038.2015.1011729
López-Rodríguez, M. A., Santiago, I. Trillo-Montero, D., Torriti, J. and Moreno-Munoz, A.(2013). Analysis and Modelling of Active Occupancy of the Residential Sector in Spain: An Indicator of Residential Electricity Consumption. Energy Policy, 62, 742-751. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.095
Mattioli, G. (2016). Transport needs in a climate-constrained world: A novel framework to reconcile social and environmental sustainability in transport. Energy Research and Social Science, 18, 118-128. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2016.03.025
Mattioli, G., Anable, J. & Vrotsou, K. (2016). Car dependent practices: findings from a sequence pattern mining study of UK time use data. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 89, 56-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.04.010 PDF
Rinkinen, J, Shove, E, and Smits, M (2017) Cold chains in Hanoi and Bangkok: Changing systems of provision and practice DOI: 10.1177/1469540517717783
Shove, E. (2014). Putting Practice into Policy: Reconfiguring Questions of Consumption and Climate Change. Contemporary Social Science, 9(4), 415-429. DOI: 10.1080/21582041.2012.692484
Shove, E., Walker, G. and Brown, S. (2013). Transnational Transitions: The Diffusion and Integration of Mechanical Coding. Urban Studies, 51(7), 1506-1519. DOI: 10.1177/0042098013500084
Shove, E., Walker, G. and Brown, S. (2014). Material Culture, Room Temperature and the Social Organisation of Thermal Energy. Journal of Material Culture, 19(2), 113-124. DOI: 10.1177/1359183514525084
Shove, E., Watson, M. and Spurling, N. (2015). Conceptualising Connections: Energy Demand, Infrastructures and Social Practices. European Journal of Social Theory, 18(3), 274-287. DOI: 10.1177/1368431015579964
Simcock, N. and Mullen, C. (2016). Energy Demand for Everyday Mobility and Domestic Life: Exploring the Social Justice Implications. Energy Research and Social Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2016.05.019 PDF
Torriti, J (2017) Understanding the timing of energy demand through time use data: Time of the day dependence of social practices Energy Research & Social Science, 25, 37-47. ISSN 2214-6296. DOI 10.1016/j.erss.2016.12.004
Torriti, J. (2014). A Review of Time Use Models of Residential Electricity Demand. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37, 265-272. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.05.034
Torriti, J., Druckman, A., Anderson, B., Yeboah, G. and Hanna, R. (2015). Peak Residential Electricity Demand and Social Practices: Deriving Flexibility and Greenhouse Gas Intensities from Time Use and Locational Data. Indoor and Built Environment, 24(7), 891-912. DOI: 10.1177/1420326X15600776
Torriti, J. and Grunewald, P. (2014). Demand Side Response: Patterns in Europe and Future Policy Perspectives under Capacity Mechanisms. Economics of Energy and Environment Policy, 3(1), 87-105.
Walker, G. (2014) The Dynamics of Energy Demand: Change, Rhythm and Synchronicity. Energy Research and Social Science, 1, 49-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2014.03.012
Walker, G. (2015). De La Précarité a La Justice Energetique. La Revue Durable, 39-43.
Walker, G. (2015). The Right to Energy: Meaning, Specification and the Politics of Definition. L’Europe en Formation, 337, 26-38.
Walker, G., Simcock, N. and Day, R. (2016). Necessary Energy Uses and a Minimum Standard of Living in the United Kingdom: Energy Justice or Escalating Expectations? Energy Research and Social Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2016.02.007
Blue, S. and Shove, E. (2016) How social practices generate, carry and require knowledge and know-how. In Orr, K., Nutley, S., Russell, S. et al. (eds.) Knowledge and Practice in Business and Organisations. London: Routledge
Blue, S. and Spurling, N. (2017) Qualities of connective tissue in hospital life: how complexes of practices change. In Hui, A. Schatzki, T. and Shove, E (eds.) The Nexus of Practices: Connections, constellations, practitioners. London: Routledge [PDF]
Butler, C. and Parkhill, K. ‘Politics and governance for practice in a post-carbon world’, (2016) in Roberts, T. Butler, C. Howarth, C. Hargreaves, T. (eds.) Re-Configuring Everyday Practices for a Post-carbon World, BSA Sociological Futures Series, London: Routledge
Chappells, H. and Trentmann, F. (2015). Sustainable Consumption in History: Ideas, Resources and Practices. In: Reisch, L. and Thogersen, J. (eds.) Handbook of Research on Sustainable Consumption. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Mattioli, G. and Colleoni, M. (2016). Transport Disadvantage, Car Dependence and Urban Form. In: Pucci, P. and Colleoni, M. (eds.) Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities. Springer.
Shove, E. (2015). Infrastructures and Practices: Networks Beyond the City. In: Coutard, C. and Rutherford, J. (eds.) Beyond the Networked City: Infrastructure Reconfigurations and Urban Change in the North and South. London: Routledge.
Shove, E. (2015). Linking Low Carbon Policy and Social Practice. In: Strengers, Y. and Maller, C. (eds.) Social Practices, Intervention and Sustainability: Beyond Behaviour Change. London: Routledge.
Torriti, J. (2014). Demand Side Management: Potenzialita, Barrier, Politiche. In: Clo, A., Clo, S. and Boffa, F. (eds.) Riforme Elettriche Tra Efficienza Ed Equita. Percorsi. il Mulino.
Walker, G. (2015). Beyond Individual Responsibility: Sustainable Practices, Capabilities and the Case for a Rights-Based Politics of Social Change. In: Strengers, Y. and Maller, C. (eds.) Social Practices, Intervention and Sustainability. London: Routledge.
Garabuau-Moussaoui, I. and Pierre, M. (2016). Practiques sociales et usages de l’énergie. Paris: Lavoisier Tec and Doc. Energy consumption has been studied by EDF R&D researchers for 30 years through several issues such as smart meters, buildings, electric vehicles and decentralised renewable energy. This book, although concerned with energy use, intends to go beyond the view of users as passive recipients of energy policy and technical devices. Instead, energy related practices are here understood through users, material arrangements, delivery and production and social norms, as all of these contribute to producing the framework that gives meaning and direction to these practices.
Hui, A. Schatzki, T. R and Shove, E . eds. (2017) The Nexus of Practice: Connections, constellations and practitioners, London: Routledge PDF [introduction] The introduction to this edited collection discusses how the contributors develop new theoretical resources for theories of practice by engaging with several overlapping themes related to the ‘nexus of practices’. These themes – suffusing, threading through, largeness, changing connections, and practitioners – provide an innovative way of organising the volume and develop new concepts for thinking about how practices are conducted and interconnected in various ways
Torriti, J. (2016). Peak Energy Demand and Demand Side Response, London: Routledge. This book presents evidence on a set of Demand Side Response activities, ranging from price-based to incentive-based programmes and policies. Examples are drawn from different programmes for both residential and non-residential sectors of electricity demand, including Time of Use tariffs, Critical Peak Pricing Automated Demand Controllers and Ancillary Services. The book also looks at the actual energy saving impacts of smart meters, the activities which constitute peak demand and the potential opportunities associated with European smart grids and Capacity Markets.
Bates, O., Hazas, M., Friday, A., Morley, J. and Clear, A. K. (2014) Towards an Holistic View of the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Domestic Media and IT. In: Jones, M., Palanque, P., Schmidt, A. and Grossman, T., eds. Proceedings of CHI 2014: One of a CHInd, Toronto, Canada. ACM, 1173-1182. DOI: 10.1145/2556288.2556968 PDF
Burkinshaw, J. (2016) Creative vs non-creative: The role of flexible working practices on travel demand. Paper prepared for the WCTRS conference.
Clear, A., Friday, A., Hazas, M. and Lord, C. (2014) Catch my drift?: Achieving comfort more sustainably in conventionally heated buildings. Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Design Interactive Systems, ACM Press: New York, 1015-1024. DOI: 10.1145/2598510.2598529. PDF
Lord, C., Hazas, M., Clear, A. K., Bates, O., Whittam, R., Morley, J. and Friday, A. (2015) Demand in My Pocket: Mobile Devices and the Data Connectivity Marshalled in Support of Everyday Practice. In: Begole, B., Kim, J., Inkpen, K. and Woo, W., eds. Proceedings of CHI Conference: One of a CHInd, Toronto, Canada. ACM, 2729-2738. DOI: 10.1145/2702162 PDF
Anable, J., Cass, N., Jones, I., Lord, C. and Pothitou M (2017) The 365 days of Christmas: connections between time, space and energy demand This piece of writing examines how social practices previously tethered to particular times and temporal rhythms have become detached and stretched in our increasingly 24 hr, 365 day society. It explores the role of globalisation and technology, and the implications for energy demand, and asks if physical and biological temporalities are the only limits to ratcheting energy use.
Blue, Stanley (2017) Institutional Rhythms: Ideas and Opportunities for Energy and Mobility DEMAND Management in the NHS This research briefing paper was prepared in collaboration with the Institutional Rhythms and Energy Demand Working Group and presented to the Northern England Sustainability and Health Network (23/05/17). It present ideas and opportunities for energy and mobility demand management in the NHS.
Butler, C., Day, R. and Holmes, T (2017) Knowing energy demand without metrics (or, what do we need metrics for anyway?) This is a short, polemical piece which questions the need and utility of quantified metrics in knowing and responding to energy demand. It argues for the greater importance of experiential knowledge, narratives and principles. It was written at the November 2016 DEMAND Clan Gathering.
Carlsson-Hyslop, A. (2015) Tales from a well-wrapped historian: Smart meters and the management of heating. Originally posted on Sustainable Consumption Institute.
Cass, N and Shove, E (2017) Changing Energy Demand [.pdf] This extended cross-cutting research insight identifies five different understandings of energy demand – what it is, where it comes from, and crucially how it changes. Conceptualisations of energy demand as an outcome of economic processes, behaviour, technological efficiency, socio-technical change and social practices are explored and compared. The implications of each for different strategies for steering change and making and evaluating policy are also laid out
Diamond, R. and Shove, E. (2015) Defining efficiency: What is “equivalent service” and why does it matter? (PDF) “Energy efficiency” is commonly defined as “using less energy to provide the same service”. This short article asks how the “same” service or “given level of amenity” defined, who determines equivalence, and why does equivalence matter for energy demand reduction.
Hazas, M. (2015) Society pushes to go faster, but data binges carry environmental costs. The Conversation. Given the resources marshalled to support continued rises in data volume and ever-faster speeds, we should also be debating what kinds of digital services have real social importance. it’s great that it’s so easy to keep in contact with close friends and family, almost anywhere in the world. Yet at a time when we are battling to keep carbon emissions under control, can we really justify the energy consumption involved in streaming cat videos in ever-higher definition?
Hui, A. and Shove, E. (2013) All this talk about lights hides bigger energy challenges. The Conversation. The rhetoric of “keeping the lights on” is as misleading as it is compelling. Though there are billions of lights in the UK’s homes and in places of work and recreation, these are never on all at the same time. Many are off for a large part of the day and in any case lighting does not account for a very high percentage of energy use.
Hui, A., Shove, E. and Walker, G. (2013) School holiday shakeup brings unintended consequences. The Conversation. Changing the length, timing, or coordination of school holidays would have a big impact on the ways in which daily lives are scheduled, and hence on the timing of when energy is used. De-synchronising school holidays would have tangible, but unintended and unanticipated consequences for energy demand.
Kloppenburg, S., Smale, R. and Verkade, N. (2016) (Em)powering the household? Emerging energy practices around decentralised storage of solar energy. The rise of renewable energy generated by wind turbines and PV poses challenges to the balancing of supply and demand of electricity. Solar panels only generate energy during the day whereas a peak in consumption takes place in the evening. Storage of renewable energy near to their decentralised sources, at the domestic or local level, is increasingly seen as a solution to this problem. This short think piece focuses on questions and issues around the role of households and householders in decentralised electricity storage and emerging energy storage models and services.
Marsden, G. (2013) New runways to support leisure even as transport at home is cut. The Conversation. A discussion of seemingly contradictory policy approaches to different forms of transport demand.
Marsden, G. (2016) Here’s why adaptability is the key to coping with transport disasters. The Conversation. Floods caused by Storm Desmond left more than 2500 homes without power, washed away bridges, closed schools and hospitals and caused serious damage to homes and businesses across swathes of northern England and Scotland. This article explains why we should see these events as opportunities to try out new ways of doing things and getting to places.
Morley, J., Shove, E (2017) The Many Futures of Decarbonisation a short piece of writing that discusses energy policy in relation to energy demand. The piece aims to challenge the dominant trend of separating supply and demand when focusing on technologies and decarbonisation.
Morley, J. (2014) Size is everything at Christmas and your oven is no exception. The Conversation. Ovens are designed and optimised for roasting large birds. As a result, they are typically oversized for regular use – making their total energy consumption greater than necessary. And it is not only overs that are designed to cope with the demands of Christmas. This article points to questions about the relation between technical provision, sizing for the peak, and actual patterns of consumption and demand.
Rinkinen, J., Goddard, I., Marsden, G (2017) Normalising flexibility in demand: learning from peaks This is a short reflection on the possibilities for applying strategies for reducing peak load to the broader challenge of reducing baseload demand in general. It was written at the November 2016 DEMAND Clan Gathering.
Several authors. (2015) Reflections on the Lancaster power cuts of December 2015. DEMANDers in Lancaster were able to experience first hand the effects of flooding caused by Storm Desmond the left 55,000 homes without power in December 2015. The power cuts problematise what is ‘normal’ and reveal what is ‘needed’.
Shove, E. (2014) Smart meters don’t make us any smarter about energy use. The Conversation. Energy bills are higher on the political agenda than ever before and we are constantly being told that smart meters will help us make better decisions and have more control over the energy we use. But evidence shows that these new technologies are not making us more savvy.
Shove, E. and Watson, M. (2015) No more meters? Let’s make energy a service, not a commodity. The Conversation. Imagine never again receiving an energy bill. Instead, you could pay a flat fee for “comfort”, “cleanliness” or “home entertainment” alongside a premium for more energy-demanding TVs, kettles or fridge-freezers. This isn’t the stuff of science fiction – it’s emerging right now. Recent changes in technology and regulation are enabling the development of new ways to provide electricity and gas.
Spurling, N. (2014) Tesla’s techno-cars are the right answer to the wrong question. The Conversation. The technology of the Tesla car is certainly impressive but it is concerning to see innovations of this kind being promoted as the key to a more sustainable future – especially if they come at the expense of pursuing other ways to solve the problem such as reducing the demand for mobility in the first place.
Spurling, N. and Welch, D. (2014) Unsustainable practices: Why electric cars are a failure of ambition. Originally published on Talking Climate. Electric cars are another example of the common ‘techno-fix’ approach to climate change – in which futuristic technologies resolve the problem while everyday life carries on as normal.
Strengers, Y. (2014) Fly or die: Air travel and the internationalisation of academic careers. Business air travel is on the rise globally, especially in knowledge organisations such as universities. Academics who study energy consumption, climate change and sustainability find themselves in an especially awkward position. Their job is to develop ideas about how to reduce and address a growing list of environmental and energy problems, but to take these ideas to audiences around the world they ‘need’ to travel.
Strengers, Y. and Bille, M. (2016) The temporal dynamics of being an international visiting scholar. Academia is increasingly concerned with international connections and collaboration. While the benefits of such endeavours are increasingly discussed, we rarely acknowledge their effects. In this piece, we are interested in the ways in which one globalising move – the appointment of the ‘visiting academic’ – disrupts and rearranges the temporal routines of academics’ everyday lives.
Walker, G. (2014) Why room temperature needs to be taken down a notch. The Conversation. What’s a healthy room temperature? On releasing its Cold Weather Plan for 2014, Public Health England has recently revised its recommended minimum levels to keep in good health. No longer, they say, do living rooms need to be kept at 21°C and bedrooms at 18°C, as used to be advised. Now all rooms can be kept at 18°C with “minimal risk” to the health of “a sedentary person wearing suitable clothing”. It’s a rethink of just three degrees but, as with outdoor climate change, a few degrees of indoor climate change can make a significant difference.
Industrial Strategy [.pdf] A response by DEMANDers in April 2017 to a Government consultation seeking views on the approach to building a modern industrial strategy that addresses long-term challenges to the UK economy.
The Impact of Population Change and Demography on Future Infrastructure Demand [.pdf]. A response by DEMANDers to a Government consultation on the governance, structure and operation of the National Infrastructure Commission. The original consultation document [.pdf] and response to the consultation [.pdf] are available via the UK Government website.
BEIS call for evidence A Smart Flexible Energy System DEMAND submission [.pdf]. Response by DEMANDers in January 2017 to a government consultation exploring strategic choices about new demands on our energy systems, primarily through the application new technologies and smart systems.
The next frontier in our digital revolution. Submission to UK Digital Strategy, January, 2016 by Mike Hazas and Janine Morley. The DEMAND Centre responded to UK Digital Strategy’s call for evidence, focusing on how resilience and energy demand must be considered alongside economic growth.
Electricity interconnection and storage. Submission to The Infrastructure Commission, December 2015 by Elizabeth Shove. Our response to the UK Infrastructure Commission call for evidence on how changes to existing market frameworks, increased interconnection and new technologies in demand-side management and energy storage can better balance supply and demand.
Design and behaviour in the built environment. Submission to the Design Commission Enquiry, September 2014 by Noel Cass, James Faulconbridge and Elizabeth Shove. Drawing on DEMAND’s research on commercial offices and their design, this submission focuses on how the built environment shapes practices concerning energy use.
Resilience of electricity infrastructure. Submission to the House of Lords Inquiry, September 2014 by Gordon Walker. Concerned with electricity infrastructure’s resilience to future demand, this submission recommends that end-use and changes to these practices should be considered, rather than assumed.
Electricity demand-side measures. Submission to DECC Select Committee Inquiry, July 2014 by Jacopo Torriti and Mitchell Curtis. This submission responds to three of the questions in the call for evidence concerning demand side response.
Reardon, L., Marsden, G. and Shove, E. (2016) Working Paper 18: The dynamics of demand: Thinking about steering
Blue, S., Morley, J., Marsden, G. and Shove, E. (2016) Working Paper 17: The dynamics of demand: Methods and concepts for thinking about change
Simcock, N. and Walker, G. (2016) Working Paper 16: Fuel poverty and non-heating energy uses
Working Papers 4-15 are a collection presented at the workshop Demanding ideas: where theories of practice might go next, held 18-20 June 2014 in Windermere, UK. The purpose of the event was to identify issues and topics that constitute ‘unfinished business’ for people interested in social theories of practice and in the relevance of such ideas for the DEMAND Centre.
Van Lente, H. (2014) Working Paper 15: Demanding ideas
Trentmann, F. (2014) Working Paper 14: Demanding ideas
Spurling, N. (2014) Working Paper 13: Demanding ideas
Kuijer, L. (2014) Working Paper 12: Demanding ideas
Blue, S. (2014) Working Paper 11: Demanding ideas
Shove, E. (2014) Working Paper 10: Demanding ideas
Jalas, M. (2014) Working Paper 9: Demanding ideas
Morley, J. (2014) Working Paper 8: Demanding ideas
Schaefer, H. (2014) Working Paper 7: Demanding ideas
Watson, M. (2014) Working Paper 6: Demanding ideas
Schatzki, T. (2014) Working Paper 5: Demanding ideas
Hui, A. (2014) Working Paper 4: Demanding ideas
Anable, J., Anderson, B., Shove, E. and Torriti, J. (2014) Working Paper 3: Categories, concepts and units: Representing energy demand in and through time
Mattioli, G., Shove, E. and Torriti, J. (2014) Working Paper 1: The timing and societal synchronisation of energy demand