Reflections from DEMAND visitors

This is what some of our visitors have to say about the experience of working with DEMAND

Anthony Levenda
Claudia Prempeh
Marius Korsnes
Giuseppe Salvia
Josep Capsí Martí
Elspeth Oppermann
Tomas Ariztia
Anne-Marie Tyroll Beck
Heather Chappells
Conor Harrison
Sanneke Kloppenburg
Nicola Labanca
Jenny Rinkinen
Ted Schatzki
Robin Smale
Yolande Strengers
Nick Verkade
Alan Wiig



Anthony Levenda

The DEMAND Centre is a tremendously inviting and active academic community. With scholars working on a range of issues related to the dynamics of energy demand—including analysis of mobility, institutions, digital technology use, and much more—I was able to gain motivation for my own work while learning about the growing scholarship on social practice, infrastructure, and their interactions.

During my short time as a visiting scholar in May and June of 2017, I gained an appreciation for the need for further studies of infrastructure-practice relations, especially related to my current and past work on smart grids and urban infrastructure systems. I used my time to develop a workshop plan and grant application, wrote a draft manuscript on the failures of policy mobility in smart grids, and developed several new ideas for projects and collaborations. In particular, I have a short essay in progress on infrastructural connection and disconnection related to “off-grid” living in the digital age.

While writing up grant applications and manuscripts are often reclusive activities, I found that DEMAND researchers were extremely engaging, interested, and helpful. The overall sense of community at DEMAND made working extremely pleasant and productive. From reading groups and informal discussions, nights out for a pint, to seminar presentations, I found my entire experience exciting, thought-provoking, and extremely rewarding. I can’t thank the DEMAND Centre enough for their hospitality and support.



Claudia Prempeh

My 4-week visit to DEMAND between March and April 2017 was very fruitful. Though time did fly too quickly, I had a real opportunity to think about my fieldwork data from very different but interesting perspectives. After my seminar, I benefited a lot from the intellectual discussions with the DEMAND Centre researchers. I got the opportunity to think about my work using different analytical approaches. DEMAND provided me with a very friendly and intellectually stimulating environment to conceptualise my work on adaptation to blackouts in Ghana.  Floorball was an invigorating experience. All visitors must look forward to it.



Marius Korsnes

I visited the DEMAND centre between January and March 2017, and I had a great time. The stay was filled with writing, reading up on new topics, meeting new and exciting people in various forms, floorball, travels around Lancaster (with the DEMAND bicycle) and the UK, and visiting a local Ceilidh in Waterhouses Town hall. I was particularly inspired by the diligence people at the centre showed in their work, and in their feedback to me as a visiting researcher. There were several reading groups (one of them is called the ‘anteater’, and is held at Elizabeth Shove’s place), lunch talks, seminars (always with cheese and wine) and talks at the pub after work. What is more, every Tuesday at midday there was floorball, which was a lot of fun and a nice break from the work.

During the stay I was developing an approach to my postdoctoral project, which is about energy prosumers. After talking with, and getting written feedback from colleagues at DEMAND, my thoughts on this concept changed and I am more motivated to critique and develop the approach and ideas. All in all the stay was a great combination of personal and professional inspiration, and I would recommend everyone to apply to be a guest visitor at the DEMAND Centre.  Read more about prosumption and energy demand.



Giuseppe Salvia

I visited the DEMAND centre from November 2016 until February 2017.  The timing of the visit was ideal because I was approaching an emerging topic and area of investigation – how current automated ‘smart’ technologies (e.g. highly automated vehicles and connected domestic devices) are reshaping daily routines and in particular the renegotiation of competences.

I knew from my previous short visit as a PhD student in 2011 in the department of Sociology at Lancaster University that being engaged in the DEMAND Centre, led by Elizabeth and Gordon, would provide me with abundant food for thought.

I had the opportunity to share reflections and receive feedback both in formal and informal occasions, such as my seminar, the writing of a piece of thought on the wider interpretation of ‘users’ of smart technologies, and in the DEMAND response[.pdf] to the BEIS call for evidence on A Smart Flexible Energy System.

Reading group sessions, chats over lunchtime or later in a pub, even quick encounters while brewing a tea triggered stimulating conversations, suggestions of valuable readings, and names of experts to approach.

All this helped me to better understand and reflect on my original thoughts, which I have now dramatically re-framed, especially thanks to the professional and friendly DEMANDers I met.

Finally, I – a Sicilian – enjoyed my time outdoors too; the daily bike commute along the canal, cycling in the countryside and to the sea, and particularly the Tuesday floorball games were fun experiences, even in the rain and in strong winds. Definitely an enjoyable formative visit.


Josep Capsí Martí

I’ve been in DEMAND as a visiting PhD student from September 2016 to January 2017. Lancaster University provides a fantastic environment with all the facilities you need to work, and Lancaster city is a historic and beautiful place to enjoy your free time.

My time in DEMAND has been an enriching experience in both an academic and personal sense. There have been lots of opportunities to be involved constantly in interesting conversations and debates with other PhD students, sharing ideas about research methods, discussing papers in friendly meetings around food and attending conferences.

Thanks to my time in DEMAND I have been able to focus on my thesis, analysing empirical material, writing the dissertation, and being supervised by Elizabeth who provided very valuable supervisions, new ideas and criticism of my findings, which helped me to organize the thesis and to draw out specific elements of my research.

But the best part of DEMAND is the people. It is an amazing group of people who made me feel as I have always been there since day one, and I will always be welcome there.


Elspeth Oppermann

I visited DEMAND for a full 12 weeks during the late summer of 2016. As other demand visitors have reflected, the ethics of air travel and associated emissions to and from Australia (in my case, of 52 hours of flight time) are increasingly complex to negotiate. Staying longer at my destination seemed a sensible way to make those emissions ‘count’ in a positive sense! As the trip fell over summer holidays and conference season there were spurts and lulls to how often I saw people, but the friendly PhD cohort made sure I was well watered (or rather, coffeed), fed (cheese) and exercised (floorball).

I came to engage with Practice Theory approaches to the construction and maintenance of electricity supply systems. Electricity demand shapes the rhythms of these practices – and their lived physiological effects on workers in the form of heat stress, which is my area of focus. I spent some really enjoyable time working with Gordon Walker on this project, having interesting chats to Demand researchers and presenting an overview of my work to the Demand crew.

The length of the trip gave me time to meet the wider network in which they are embedded at Lancaster University, in particular allowing me to benefit unexpectedly from the generous and thoughtful conversation of Nigel Clark in Geography.

All in all I have left with an infusion of deeper philosophical and theoretical engagement with the area I am engaged in as well as the makings of a couple of papers and a book chapter reflecting on how thermal physiology and electricity are bound together and indeed exchanged in a myriad of practices. In the extreme environmental conditions of the region in which I work (Australia’s Monsoonal North) these render the significance of background flows of energy apparent and relate the economy of heat (thermodynamics, broadly conceived) to the economy of production and consumption in a profound way.


Tomas Aritzia

I visited DEMAND during the summer of 2016. I had a wonderful academic and personal experience. Besides being a leading academic centre on energy use and practices, DEMAND is composed by a warm and nice group of people. This made my stay very pleasant.  On the first day I arrived, I was lent the DEMAND bike so I could move around the campus and Lancaster city on my own.
During my visit to DEMAND I did three things. First, I presented, discussed and worked on the empirical material of an ongoing research on heating practices. This discussion -which was very inspiring- happened along several formal and informal situations: DEMAND seminar, informal talks in the DEMAND kitchen and living room and the frequent visits of different DEMAND members to my office.
Second, I participated in several academic activities such as reading groups, group gatherings and meetings. These instances –along with the time I had a ramble to the library – gave me a very precious space for thinking about my current writing.
The third thing I did in DEMAND was learning to play floorball, which I enjoyed very much!

Anne-Marie Tyroll Beck

As a DEMAND PhD visitor from August until September 2015, I experienced the cycles of DEMAND activities, from the anteater reading group, floorball, seminars, walks and talks, clan-gatherings, lunch talks to a reading group on rhythm analysis. The DEMAND Centre is indeed a dynamic enterprise offering numerous ways to get involved. The people make the place and the research milieu is characterized by openness and mutual invitations. Several events stand out:

First of all the meetings and conversations with Elizabeth Shove that challenged ways to think through the sequencing of chapters in my PhD thesis on professional collaboration around system solutions. With her encompassing knowledge, it was rewarding to discuss the connections between professions, their jurisdictional boundaries and boundary objects as well as talking about the temporal dimensions of work, for example, the sequencing, synchronization and timings of coordinated work. I intend to accommodate different ways of working with sequences – the ideal sequences, resequencing of activities – and considerations about coordination that is not coordinated – when the sequences do not work, but the goal is still accomplished.

Secondly, I will mention the anteater reading group at Elizabeth Shove’s place. DEMAND people meet and collaboratively make a dinner together before entering into discussions on the selected articles. The readings included an Elizabeth Shove article on “Condensing Practices: Ways of living with a freezer”. Subsequently discussing an article by Brannen et al. about “Families, meals and synchronicity: eating together in British dual earner families” whereby issues of domain simultaneity and time a synchronicity were pertinent. Offering insight into ways of theorizing social practices in everyday life affected by the temporal dimensions of, for example, time and synchronization. In my own work, I plan to address some of the temporal dimensions of practice, investigating how sequences come together and form certain kinds of synchronizations.

Heather Chappells

Chappells_HeatherRevisiting the past and looking forward

Having spent the better part of a decade in Lancaster as a PhD student and researcher before moving to Canada in 2007, the opportunity to revisit the campus as an international visitor this summer was in part about rekindling connections. Within the revitalized energy research environment generated by the DEMAND Centre it was also a timely opportunity to explore some new research directions and collaborations. Arriving in the midst of last minute preparations for the ‘Energy Histories and Futures’ event there was barely time to reacquaint myself with the campus or reunite with old friends. From the opening moments of this event which showcased an eclectic and unusual collection of energy-related objects to exploring fragments of energy infrastructures past in the city’s back alleys, this was the classic Lancaster summer school experience – an intense combination of serious discussion with an equal measure of hands-on fun. As co-organizer of a series of similar events a decade or so ago I had a unique vantage point from which to observe how mainstream debates about energy demand have moved on under the influence of a sociologically informed agenda. Evident, among the wide range of interdisciplinary researchers represented at the event, was a tacit understanding of energy as being embedded within culture and society and of demand as reproduced through material infrastructures. This was exemplified in the routine reference to social practice and co-provision as foundational concepts for understanding energy demand dynamics. Furthermore, it was clear that notions such as comfort are no longer taken for granted but are more abstracted, problematized and culturally differentiated. This suggests that DEMAND’s role in reorienting European energy demand agendas has already been influential, but as highlighted in discussions there is still much work to be done in influencing energy policy discourses and in drawing in a wider circle of interdisciplinary and international collaborators.

After those first frenetic few days of my visit and as my jet lag finally abated, I was able to take stock and spend some quality time discussing my own research interests with the enthusiastic assistance of DEMAND researchers. The serious academic ambition of my visit was to explore new research directions on the theme of disruption and the dynamics of demand. As part of a newly established interdisciplinary team working on an AHRC project researching Material Cultures of Energy, I had been thinking a great deal about what we might learn about demand dynamics of the past. Specifically, what might analysis of past energy disruptions over the course of the 20th Century reveal about the long-term flexibility and obduracy of demand and about how everyday dependencies on energy are constructed? Such enquiries also have a forward thinking dimension in terms of understanding the role of disruption as a steering point for future sustainable or unsustainable adaption. Initial thoughts on this topic were presented at a DEMAND Seminar ‘Back to Normal? Demand in the Aftermath of Disruption’ and during subsequent research visits to DEMAND partners at in Paris, Manchester and London. Searching insights and feedback from these engagements with DEMANDers provoked more questions than answers. What constituted a disruption? How might historical disruptions be used methodologically to reveal shifting dependencies on energy? Which disruptions provide the most revealing insights about long-term demand dynamics? Now back home in Canada, my follow-up writing and networking to-do list is a lengthy one, inspired by the conceptually rich and intensely collaborative environment facilitated by DEMAND. My hope is to be back soon to continue these conversations and translate them into tangible project ideas. A last word of thanks goes to Elizabeth for introducing me the art of woodcutting!

Conor Harrison

conorMy visit to Lancaster lasted six weeks, arriving in mid-June and leaving at the end of July, 2014. Those six weeks proved to be a great opportunity for learning, thinking, and writing in an almost ideal atmosphere for those activities. The DEMAND staff in Lancaster were thoughtful, stimulating, and giving in their assistance, time, advice, and ideas. During my visit to DEMAND the centre also hosted numerous other international visitors, Energy Demand research centres from across the UK, and held a Summer School drawing post-graduates and professionals from across the globe. The combination of the DEMAND Centre staff, outside visitors, and numerous conferences made for an incredibly vibrant and engaging environment, all focused on examining the dynamics of energy demand.

My time in Lancaster provided me with an opportunity to being transitioning from my doctoral work and into future research projects. In the several presentations I made of different aspects of my work, questions and comments supplied new leads and potential avenues for investigations. The different disciplinary backgrounds at DEMAND also sparked new ideas and the potential for collaborations.

Two particular ideas stand out. The first were conversations with Elizabeth Shove that attempted to think through the links between transmission wire technologies, forms of urban and regional development, and the types of energy demand this promotes. The second were conversations with Gordon Walker in which we attempted to think through the impacts of electricity demand curves: on electric utility operations and strategy, but also their obduracy, and most notably the way in which this particular method of measuring electricity consumption has led to attempts to produce certain types of electricity consumers.

Sanneke Kloppenburg

I started first and was very fortunate to find my research period overlapping with the DEMAND Conference, which provided me with new contacts and inspiration for the fieldwork on small-scale energy storage. I then spent one week in Bristol and Oxford conducting interviews with people engaged in community storage pilot projects before returning to the DEMAND centre to hand over the work to Nick.

Read Think Piece: (Em)powering the household? Emerging energy practices around decentralised storage of solar energy by Sanneke, Nick and Robin.

Nicola Labanca

My visit to the DEMAND Centre lasted four weeks, from July 11th to August 6th 2016. A few days after my arrival, I gave a seminar on complex systems and how an historical enquiry on instrumentality can allow understanding the current transition to renewable energies. This event gave me the opportunity to discuss for the first time with several and competent people about a constructivist approach to study complex systems and renewable energies that I am following. What I appreciated most were the interdisciplinary exchanges I could have during the days following my seminar. I could discuss with Elizabeth Shove, Gordon Walker, Bronislaw Szerszynski, Frank Trentmann, Stanley Blue, Elspeth Oppermann, Jarvis Andrew and many others. These exchanges have been very inspiring for me, as the people I spoke with were able to indicate a series of research directions which allowed me to explore several additional relevant implications of the approach I am applying to study complexity. During my stay at Lancaster University I also highly appreciated the hospitality of people working at the Demand Centre. I arrived at Lancaster with my wife and my baby boy of 12 months and the advice, the kindness and the company of the people we met made our visit very enjoyable.

Jenny Rinkinen

Jenny RinkinenMy visit to DEMAND was inspiring in many respects. Not only had I motivating discussions on my own pieces of writing that focus on object-relations and temporality in the theories of practice, but also did I have the chance to follow and take part in the wide range of activities of this research centre: seminars, clan-gatherings, reading groups and other get-togethers. The way DEMAND manages to arouse, circulate, and develop ideas by bringing people together, is nothing but impressive. Being part of this group of critical, ambitious, and skilled researchers, who are spiced with a good sense of humour, was a lot of fun, too, and of course, as a Finn, the weekly floorball was a great source of joy for me.

Ted Schatzki

tedWhile a DEMAND visitor in June and July, 2014, I participated in two principal events: a June workshop in Windermere on Demanding ideas: where theories of practice might go next and the July DEMAND Summer School in Lancaster on Energy Histories and Energy Futures.  The two events were somewhat different with mostly dissimilar benefits.

The Windermere gathering was a kind of theory incubator in which key unaddressed issues and promising lines of approach were first discussed in precirculated texts and then verbally hashed out at the Alice Howe cottage.   It was remarkable how common or complementary were people’s diagnoses of unresolved issues and how easy it was to circumscribe these issues: questions of scale and size, relations among practices and complexes thereof, power and influence, typologies, movement, circulation, and time, as well as the boundaries and limits of practice theory.  One hopes that this convergence impels some participants to tackle these issues in future work and induces a larger group to produce some sort of collective manuscript on them.  As a theorist, my work was already concerned with or tending toward some of these issues—for instance, large social phenomena—and the workshop was essential for gaining understandings of the wider theoretical landscape, of how issues relate, and of how different people would approach them.

The Summer School was a wonderful event.  It excelled where summer schools shine, namely, in facilitating interactions among students and among students and faculty, most from different institutions.  I always enjoy learning about and discussing people’s research at such events, and this one provided ample opportunity for this.  The Summer School was memorable for several other reasons, including the inventive fieldwork that teams of participants were called on to conduct, the repeated emphasis on the contingency and variability of what happens in social life, and insights into the ambiguity of the spatial extension of what researchers study, unclarities about the concept of energy, and the idea that policy is disruption.  There was also a memorable game of Twister as part of a future energy demand scenario.  In addition, the Summer School highlighted the crucial nature of infrastructures, as well as the challenge that the phenomenon of infrastructure poses to practice theory.  I plan to address this matter in future work, which should lead to refinements in the conceptual apparatuses of practice theories.

I also delivered a talk on Practices and Large Phenomena while in Lancaster.  The discussion afterwards problematized the idea that actions can be properly thought of as forming chains.  In my opinion, an action responding to a previous action sets up an unbreakable link between the two.  Social life exhibits a myriad of action chains whose successive links are retrospectively laid down by later actions reacting to previous ones.

Robin Smale

DEMAND Floorball 2The first day I was warmly welcomed by the present staff, and joined in the weekly floorball session – very enjoyable. The rest of that day I caught up and discussed with Elizabeth Shove, Noel Cass, and my colleague Nick. The following days I worked to prepare the field work in the one of the PhD offices. The accommodation was comfortable, and the facilities on campus excellent.  The rest of the research visit I went around the UK: Lancaster to Oxford, then London, then Cornwall, then back to Oxford and finally London again. I came back to Wageningen with a lot of interview material and inspiration to turn our research into an article.

Read Think Piece: (Em)powering the household? Emerging energy practices around decentralised storage of solar energy by Sanneke, Nick and Robin.

Yolande Strengers

Visiting DEMAND was a whirlwind and jam-packed trip. The intellectual alignment of so many people in one place made for an incredibly stimulating and rewarding experience. Lancaster already feels like a second home to me, so it was easy to settle in to my ‘usual’ routine of weekly Floorball games and drinks on the canal with new and old friends and colleagues. Highlights included playing Mousie Mousie, impressing people with my Apple and Rhubarb Crumble, and joining DEMAND Theme 1 researchers on an ‘Away week’ at Jordan’s Youth Hostel. Lowlights included getting lost on the way to the hostel, in the rain, without mobile reception, with a dodgy map. Luckily Elizabeth came to the rescue and there was a cup of English tea at the end.

My visit involved giving quite a few talks about my recent book ‘Smart energy technologies in everyday life’, including to the UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change, who are doing some interesting things with smart meters. A key activity was a workshop convened with Ben Anderson and Mike Hazas on ‘Shifting Routines, Changing Demand’. In true DEMAND style, the workshop participants graciously allowed us to experiment on them with a range of demand management interventions, alongside interesting discussions and activities that provoked reflection on conventional demand management programs and practice, and imagined new ones. Ben, Mike and I are plotting possible publications and activities from this work.

As an Australian working on energy demand research, an unexpected outcome of my trip was that it prompted reflection on the role and need for international travel in academic practice. While I look forward to returning to DEMAND again in the future, it will probably be in several years. A talk I gave on pets and energy demand also sparked further reflection on the role of non-humans in practices, and whether pets can perform practices in their own right. A further outcome of this presentation is that my partner and I now have a dog.

Nick Verkade

The three weeks I spent in the UK have been instructive, fun, interesting and relaxing with nice exchanges with DEMAND staff. In my first week, I found it interesting to experience the Roses sports event between York and Lancaster, a rivalry we don’t see in Dutch universities. Soon after I moved on to Glasgow to attend the All Energy conference and exhibition, which was quite the experience. The atmosphere of business and opportunity reflected the idea of imminent take-off for many technological developments. At the same time, the exhibition was lacking storage devices and offers. Storage was only discussed in the context of grid-management, and not as an something for households or communities to engage in. After spending some days in Edinburgh for an interview I returned to Lancaster for another week, which was quite relaxing and offered time to finish up an article and enjoy the nice weather.

Read Think Piece: (Em)powering the household? Emerging energy practices around decentralised storage of solar energy by Sanneke, Nick and Robin.

Alan Wiig

DEMAND Alan Wiig walkshopThe most memorable, useful, and remarkable aspects of a visiting research fellowship at the Demand Centre are intangible – getting to know the faces behind the essays from Gordon, Elizabeth and others that were read before arrival, while sharing a few minutes while having tea and a biscuit. The immense pleasure and privilege of stepping out of daily life and into a new scholarly environment, where distance from home campuses allows new ideas, new projects to germinate.

In 2015 I spend about half of February and most of July at the Demand Centre, in February getting situated with what researching the energy demand of digital, mobile connectivity and the Internet might entail. I gave a talk on the early findings of this work at the end of the first visit. In July I conducted some fieldwork on charging mobile phones and laptops while in transit, on trains between Lancaster and Manchester and between Lancaster and London. The research and theory-building progressed throughout the month, and I also gave a talk at the summer 2015 workshop. This research became an essay presented at the Demand Conference in April 2016, titled Demanding Connectivity. Additionally at the conference I led an infrastructural walkshop, documented here.

The Demand Centre’s fellowship gave me the time, space, and support to craft new scholarship and contribute to the interesting, important work on energy coming out of Lancaster University today.