New DEMAND paper

Cass, N. & Shove, E. (2018) “Standards? Whose standards?”,  Architectural Science Review .

Building standards, regulations and labelling schemes are instruments for reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, linking policy ambitions to market-based responses. In practice, their effects are complicated. In this paper Cass & Shove show how ‘market standards’ in the office sector are fostering escalating energy demand and favouring building designs increasingly disconnected from changing user needs.


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